15- BREAST CANCER IN KIRKUK, IRAQ. A REVIEW OF 170 BREAST CANCER FEMALES...
Basrah Journal of Surgery,
2009, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 86-88
AbstractBreast cancer is the most common cancer in Iraq as well as other parts of the world. In
Western world, the progress in public education and screening program had led to early
detection of the disease which led to good prognosis. Appearance of late stages of breast
cancer reflects the need for active screening and public education programs. The aim of this
retrospective study is to report the pattern of breast cancer in 170 women in Kirkuk province in
relation to age, stage of disease at first presentation and histopathology during nine years
period (Jan.1994 – Jan.2003).
This is a prospective and retrospective study underwent at Breast Clinic, Azadi General
Hospital, Kirkuk, Iraq.
Patients were 170 women with histopathological diagnosis of breast cancer. Out of the 170
women with breast cancer (61.7%) presented between ages 20-50 years and (38.1%) between
ages 51-80 years. Regarding stage of disease on first presentation, (62.3%) of the patients had
late stages of the disease (stage III and stage IV) while only (37.6%) presented at early stages
(stage I and stage II). No stage 0 detected in this study. The commonest histopathology was
infiltrating duct carcinoma (74.1%).
In conclusion, breast cancer in Kirkuk is detected in young women and in late stages on first
presentation. These results highlight the need for increased community awareness about breast
cancer and the need for early detection.
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