Document Type : Review Paper


1 M.B.Ch.B., IBMS Department of Surgery - Almawani Teaching Hospital - Iraq

2 Assistant Professor, M.B.Ch.B., DS, CABS University of Basrah - College of Medicine - Department of Surgery - Iraq


A Retrospective study includes records of 1832 patients with dyspeptic symptoms who underwent endoscopic examination in Al-Mawani Teaching Hospital during the period from October 2015 - October 2019 were analyzed. 942 (51.4%) were males and 890(48.6%) were females, 794 (43.3%) had no endoscopic abnormalities,1038 (56.7%) had endoscopic finding. Oesophagitis was seen in 149 (8.1% ) patients , gastritis was seen in 603 (32.9%) patients, duodenal ulcer was seen in 257(14%) patients with male to female ratio (1.8:1) and peak age group between (20-40) years. Gastric ulcer was seen in 47 (2.5%) patients with male to female ratio (1.2:1)and peak age group between (40-60) yrs, and ratio of duodenal to gastric ulcer was (5.5-1). Combined duodenal and gastric ulcer was found in 4(0.2%) patients, gastric cancer was found in 10 (0.54%) patients with peak age group between (50-70) years. It is concluded that endoscopy is golden standard test for diagnosis of gastroduodinal pathology