Print ISSN: 1683-3589

Online ISSN: 2409-501X

Issue 1,

Issue 1


3- RETROPERITONEAL SARCOMA

Majeed H Alwan

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55105

Review Article
RETROPERITONEAL SARCOMA
Majeed H Alwan
MBChB, FRCSEd, FRACS, FACS, Gastrointestinal and General Surgeon, Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga,
New Zealand. E-mail: majeedalwan@xtra.co.nz
Abstract
Retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) is a rare tumour. Its management is challenging because of
often late presentation when the tumour attain a significant size, and its close relationship to
several vital organs and structures in the retroperitoneum. Although surgery remains the main
hope in controlling the disease, the use of neoadjuvant or adjuvant radiotherapy and/or
chemotherapy remains controversial. Local recurrence is high and there are reports of
successful second and third resections after recurrence.
In this report the author reports two cases recently he had managed and presents the unique
CT scan findings of the first case. This is followed by a brief review of the important matters
related to this tumour.

4- THE ASSOCIATION OF HUMANA PAPILLOMAVIRUS WITH CERVICAL NEOPLASM IN BASRAH

Hassan J Hasony; Saad Abdulbaqi; Rafan Oday Fahad

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55106

Original Articles

Rafan Oday Fahad*, Saad Abdulbaqi# & Hassan J Hasony@
*MBChB, MSc Microbiology. #MBChB, CABP, Department of Pathology. @ MPhil, PhD, Department of
Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Abstract
Cervical cytobrush and Pap smears were collected from 103 women attending the outpatient
department at Basrah Maternity and children hospital during the period from October 2009 till
the end of January 2010. DNA was successfully extracted from 91 cytobrush samples, amplified
for the detection of human papilloma viruses (HPVs) using GP5+/GP6+ primers, in addition to
typing using type-specific primers for HPV-16 and HPV-18 genotypes.
The overall HPV prevalence was 20.8% with the dominance of genotype 16 (36.6%) over the
genotype 18 (10.5%) and the presence of non-16, non-18 genotype(s) in 42.1% of all HPV
positive cases. Younger women aged 25 years or less were more infected (26.3%) with the
dominance of genotype-16 (21.1%) and among women aged 36-45 years, the non-16/non-18
genotype(s) were the more frequently observed (13.3%). Infection rates were more frequent
among women married above 30 years (33.3%) and those with more than one lifetime husband
(28.6%). Women's husband with polygamy practice significantly covariate with HPV infections
(P< 0.05).
Significant association (P<0.001) was obvious between infection with any HPV and abnormal
cytology. The non-16/non-18 genotype(s) were more involved (28%) whereas genotype-16 was
detected more frequent (20%) than genotype-18 (4%). In addition mixed infection of both high
risk types (16 and 18) was limited only to women with abnormal Pap smears.
In archival blocks, the presence of HPV- DNA was constant in pre-invasive sequamous cervical
lesions as all blocks revealed a positive HPV-16 either alone or in combination with genotype-
18.

5- PATTERN OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN BASRAH; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

Zaki Al-Faddagh; Adel Salih Mushari

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55108

PATTERN OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN
BASRAH; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
Adel Salih Mushari@
& Zaki Al-Faddagh#
@MB,ChB, FICMS, AlQurna Hospital. # MB,ChB, CABS, Professor, Department of Surgery, Basrah
College of Medicine, Basrah University.
Abstract
Intestinal obstruction remains one of the commonest surgical emergencies, with hernias being
electively repaired; adhesive obstruction has emerged as the leading cause of intestinal
obstruction in the west, while the obstructed hernia remaining the main cause in developing
countries.
This is a prospective study involving 464 patients admitted with intestinal obstruction to the
surgical unit in AL-Mawane general hospital, Al-Sadir teaching hospital, Al-Basrah maternity and
child hospital and Al-Basrah general hospital during the period between (January 2004-
December 2007).
All patients were admitted and thorough careful history, particularly history of previous surgery
and examination were done involved the hernial orifice. Type of treatment, time surgical
intervention, operative finding and period of hospital stay were noted.
Most of our patients were attended for postoperative followed up for complications and recording
the mortality in the hospital.
The study included 464 patients, their age ranged from 2 days to 75 years. (Mean 33.8years),
and they are more frequent in female 258 patients (55.7%) than male206 patients (44.3%).
Acute onset of presentation was found in 296 patients (63.7%). Constipation in 419 patients
(90%) and abdominal pain in 380 patients (82%) were the main presenting symptoms. Previous
admissions for same complain were reported by 64 patients (13.7%). History of previous
surgery were reported by 71 patients (15.4%), and time interval from previous surgery, varies
from one month to (5) years. Simple obstruction was the most common form of intestinal
obstruction (67.7%). Of all patients included in the study, 288 patients (62%) present with small
bowel obstruction and 176 patients (38%) with large bowel obstruction. The commonest cause
of intestinal obstruction was strangulated external hernia in 99 patients (21.3%), intestinal
adhesions in 73 patients (15.7%). The hernia (29.2%) together with adhesions from previous
surgery (25.4%) constitute the bulk of causes of small bowel obstruction , while volvulus of
sigmoid colon (23.6%)and tumours (22.7%) form the main cause of large bowel obstruction.
Intussusception was the most prevalent variety of intestinal obstruction in child age group
(27.2%), followed by hirschsprungs disease (22.2%). Of strangulated hernia, inguinal hernia
was the most frequent type of hernia seen (71.7%). Surgical intervention was necessary in 409
patients (88.2 %).The period of conservative treatment ranges from 3-14 days, with average
(6.3) days. Post operative complication occurred in 167 patients (40.8%). The mortality was 6.8
% and it was related to extreme of life, delay in presentation and mismanagements.
The study concluded that simple intestinal obstruction is the commonest type of obstruction,
higher rate of strangulated hernia than the rate of obstruction due to adhesions, which is
opposite to a typical pattern of developed countries. Intussusception is the most frequents
cause of intestinal obstruction in children, early presentation and diagnosis is the key to
reducing morbidity and mortality.

6-FACTORS AFFECTING MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN PERFORATED DUODENAL ULCER

Adnan Yassin Abdul-Wahab; kassim Trayem Hayef

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55109

kassim Trayem Hayef* & Adnan Yassin Abdul-Wahab@
*MBChB, Al-Sader Teaching Hospital, Basrah. @MBChB, FRCS, Assist. Professor, Department of
Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
Abstract
Duodenal ulcer is a particular type of peptic ulcer disease that afflicts the lining of the
duodenum. The indications for surgery in duodenal ulcers are; bleeding, perforation, obstruction
and intractability or non-healing. Today, most patients undergoing operation for duodenal ulcer
disease have simple over-sewing of bleeding ulcer or simple patch of perforated ulcer.
Simultaneous performance of vagotomy either truncal or highly selective is increasingly
uncommon because of reliance on postoperative proton-pump inhibitor to decrease acid
secretion and eradication therapy for helicobacter pylori infection. Despite of the widespread
use of gastric anti-secretary agents and eradication therapy, the incidence of perforated
duodenal ulcer has changed little.
This study aimed to assess the factors that lead to increase the rate of morbidity and mortality
in patients with perforated duodenal ulcer in different age groups and to know the effect of time
lapsed between onset of symptoms and surgery.
This is a prospective study that included 100 patients who underwent emergency laparotomy
for perforated duodenal ulcer during a period from May 2008 to January 2011. The operations
were done in Al-Sader Teaching Hospital and Al-Basrah General Hospital. The clinical finding,
general risk factors, co-morbid medical diseases, operative finding and post–operative
complications were all taken in consideration. Follow-up period ranged from 2 weeks to 18
months.
Of the hundred cases who included in this study, 96% were males and 4% were females with
mean age of 43.13 years (range from 10 to more than 70 years). The disease was more
common in rural areas (58%) than in urban areas (42%). Fifty five percent of patients gave
previous history of duodenal ulcer and 45% had no previous history of duodenal ulcer. The most
common risk factors are smoking (32%) and NSIADs (25%). In this study most of elderly
patients presented with medical diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic
heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Most patients admitted to hospital
between 19–24 hours (21%), (8%) admitted during 6 hours and (2%) admitted after 120 hours.
Regarding the complications occurs in this study, wound infections, chest infections and
paralytic ileus were the most common complications. Mortality rate was 2%.
In conclusion, the most common factor that leading to development of postoperative
complications is delayed in hospital admission, so to improve the results of treatment of
perforated duodenal ulcer, the diagnosis and treatment should not be delayed and the
associated medical illness should be treated.

7- OXIDATIVE ASSAULT DURING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING EXAMINATION

Abdul-Sattar J Yousof; Asal B. Shindi; Salman K Ajlan; Saad S Hammadi

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55120

Saad S Hammadi*, Salman K Ajlan@, Asal B. Shindi# & Abdul-Sattar
J Yousof%
*MB,ChB, FICMS, Professor, Department of Medicine. @MB,ChB, MSc, Assist Professor, Department
of Biochemistry. #MB,ChB, MSc, Assist Professor, Department of Surgery College of Medicine,
University of Basrah, Basrah, IRAQ. %FICMS, Department of Medicine, Al-Faiha General Hospital,
Basrah, IRAQ.
Address of Correspondence:
Dr Saad S. Hammadi. Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, IRAQ.
Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the degree of oxidative stress associated with magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) examination.
Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were estimated in 70 patients, 44 males and 26 females,
16-70 years of age underwent MRI examination for various reasons.
There was an overall increase in serum MDA level following MRI examination with overall
mean difference between pre- and post- MRI examination MDA level of 0.066 ±0.110 Mmole /l
(P<0.00l).
Variables causes significant elevation of serum MDA level included, age older than 25 years
(P-values for 25-44 years, 45-64 years and >=65 were <0.001, < 0.05 and 0.001 respectively),
MRI examination of durations shorter than 20 minutes (P<0.05) and MRI examinations of the
brain (P<0.01) and the abdomen (P<0.05). On the other hand, parameters of no significant
effect on MDA levels included younger ages, MRI examinations of durations longer than 20
minutes, systemic diseases and MRI examination of the spine (P>0.05).
It is concluded that MRI examination is associated with significant free radical activity reflected
by marked elevation of serum MDA levels. This implies that MRI examination may impose an
oxidative assault which in turn, may be of clinical significance in elderly patients in particular.

8- LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY IN SICKLE CELL DISEASE: IS IT A SAFE PROCEDURE?

Hashim S Alkhayat; Jassim H Salim; Mohammad M Mohammad; Salim M Albassam

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55121

Salim M Albassam*, Mohammad M Mohammad@, Jassim H Salim@&
Hashim S Alkhayat@
*Department of surgery, Basrah Medical College, Iraq. @Department of surgery, Basrah General
Hospital, Iraq.
Correspondence to: Dr. Salim M Albassam, e-mail: albassamsalim@yahoo.ca
Abbreviation: Hb= Hemoglobin. ACS = Acute Chest Syndrome. ASA = American Society of Anesthesiologists
Abstract
The aim of this trial is to determine the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for treatment of
gall bladder stones in patients with sickle cell anemia (a controversial issue). Sixty patients from
both sexes, between 19-35 years old with sickle cell anemia, all of them having gall bladder
stones were included in this study in Endosurgery Center in Basrah General Hospital. The
patients were divided into three groups, group one (19 patients) were selected for laparoscopic
cholecystectomy on random preoperative background, the same thing was applied in group two
(21 patients) whose patients were subjected to open cholecystectomy while patients in group
three (20 patients) were selected for laparoscopic cholecystectomy on conditioned selection.
Three mortalities and two serious morbidities were encountered in the group one and one mild
morbidity seen in group two and no mortalities or morbidities in group three. Laparoscopic
cholecystectomy in sickle cell patients is a debatable issue, an increasing controversy about
serious perioperative and postoperative morbidity were mentioned. The procedure itself was
accused and an entirely opposed results were emerged from different studies all are debatable.
In this study we noticed the big influence of the risk factors, preparation of patients for surgery
and the adherence to the principle anesthetic rules on the outcome after laparoscopic
cholecystectomy in patients with sickle cell disease. This influence was limited in open
procedure. The controversy in the different trials lies on wither the problem is confined to the
disease itself or to the surgical method used for cholecystectomy or both.
According to the results obtained from our study we believe that both the severity of the disease
and the surgical procedure affecting the results, application of intra and post operative protocol
(blood transfusion if Hb less than 9gm/dI, rehydration, oxygenation and respecting general
anesthesia rules are mandatory for the safety of the patients.

9- ONE STAGE COMBINED SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR DEVELOPMENTAL DISLOCATION OF THE HIP IN OLDER CHILDREN INCLUDING FEMORAL SHORTENING

Ali A Al-Iedan

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55122

Ali A Al-Iedan
MBChB, CABS, Lecturer in Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of
Basrah, Basrah – Iraq.
Abstract
The treatment of developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) in older children is a challenge
because they have high displacement of the hip, contracted soft tissues, insufficiency of the
acetabulum and increased anteversion of the femoral head. In such patients it is difficult to
reduce the femoral head into the acetabulum, maintain the concentric reduction and obtain a
satisfactory functional hip joint. The aim of this study is to assess the advantage and
disadvantage of one stage combined surgery with femoral shortening in treatment of DDH in
children above 2 years old.
This is a prospective study done in Al-Basrah General Hospital between (June 2008-June
2010), thirty patients were treated (35 hips), 28 females and 2 males. Five hips were right hip
dislocation, 20 hips were left and 5 patients were bilateral. Femoral shortening done for all the
hips and, in 28 hips pelvic osteotomy were performed at the time of open reduction. At the most
recent follow-up (4 months-2 years) According to the radiographic criteria of Severin, 5 hips
were excellent, 15 hips good and 10 hips have fair results, 5 end up hips had poor outcome.
Avascular necrosis developed in 5 of the 35 hips. All patients were followed with respect to
range of motion and recovery from limb-length discrepancy. Different complications were
recorded per or postoperatively. Some complications like pelvic fracture (1 hip), subluxation and
instability (3 hips), dislocation (2 hips) and stiffness (7 hips).
According to the rating system of Mckay's clinical criteria, there were 7 hips excellent, 11 hips
good, 12 hips fair results and 5 hips had a poor result.
It is concluded that children who are two years or older and have DDH, can safely be treated
with an extensive one-stage operation consisting of open reduction combined with femoral
shortening and pelvic osteotomy, without increasing the risk of avascular necrosis. The limb
length discrepancy that is produced by the shortening does not appear to cause a clinical
problem.

10- SPILLED GALL STONES DURING LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY : A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

Mushtaq Ch. Abu-Alhail; Mazin A Abdulla; Jasim D Saud

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55131

Jasim D Saud#, Mazin A Abdulla@ & Mushtaq Ch. Abu-Alhail*
*#MBChB, CABS, Specialist Surgeon, Basrah General Hospital, Basrah, Iraq. @MBChB, CABS,
Consultant Surgeon, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
ABSTRACT
This study assesses the impact of spilled gall stones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC)
and it's clinically significant complications resulting from stones left in the peritoneum.
This is a prospective analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at The Surgical
Unit in Basrah General Hospital from 1st January 2006 to 31st December 2010. There were 678
patients in the study who underwent LC. The inclusion criteria for LC were: patients of all ages
and both genders, symptomatic gallstone disease, recurrent attack while waiting for interval LC,
normal values of blood complete picture & liver function tests and ultrasound examination of
abdomen demonstrating gallstone disease.
There were 73 cases of gallbladder perforation, i.e. a frequency of 10.7%. In 34 of these
patients gallstones spillage also occurred in a frequency of 5%. An effort was made in each
case to remove the spilled stones laparoscopically but in 25 patients unretrieved stones were
left (frequency of 3.6%). Eight patients (1.17%) developed complications, one patient developed
ileus which was thought to be the result of irritation from a gallstone that had been shown on US
examination. The free fluid in the Douglas pouch resolved with medical management. Two
patients developed sub-hepatic abscess, presenting with right hypochondrial & shoulder tip pain
and fever post operatively; which confirmed by abdominal sonograph, one patient responded
well to medical treatment while the other one required ultrasound guided drainage and broadspectrum
antibiotics. Three patients developed epigastric port site infection; two were treated
successfully by daily wound care and appropriate antibiotics after culture and sensitivity. One
developed persistent epigastric sinus, and a gallstone was retrieved on exploration. Two
patients developed sub-hepatic and right sub-phrenic abscess respectively in the seventh post
operative day and required open drainage. There was no mortality and long-term morbidity.
In conclusion, complications arising from spillage of gall stones during laparoscopic
cholecystectomy are rare. They can present months after the cholecystectomy with septic
complications. The patients should be informed preoperatively that spillage of bile and
gallstones are possible. The surgeon should take utmost care to prevent spillage of stones and
attempt to remove all visible stones at the time of surgery. If spillage occurred it should be
recorded clearly in the operative notes and such patients should be kept under close follow up
to aid in the early diagnosis of later complications. There is no indication for routine conversion
to open surgery.

11- EXTRA-AMNIOTIC SALINE VERSUS EXTRAAMNIOTIC MISOPROSTOL FOR RIPENING THE UNFAVORABLE CERVIX

Ali F Al-Assadi

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55135

Ali F Al-Assadi
FICOG, CABOG. Assist. Prof., Dept. of obstetrics & gynecology, Basrah Medical College.
Abstract
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of two methods (extra-amniotic saline instillation and
extra-amniotic misoprostol) for ripening the unfavorable cervix.
The study was set at the labour room in Basrah Maternity (teaching) hospital with 300 bed
capacity.
It is a prospective comparative study conducted to compare extra-amniotic saline instillation
and extra-amniotic Misoprostol for ripening the unfavorable cervix.
Group I (Extra-amniotic saline instillation): Foley’s catheter with extra-amniotic normal saline
instillation at a rate of 1ml/min.
Group II (extra-amniotic Misoprostol): The cervix was ripped with 25mcg. Misoprostol injected
extra-amniotically using a Foley’s catheter.
The clinical trial involved a total (121) pregnant women, in group I (57) and in group II (64). The
success rates in achieving cervical ripening were 100% for both groups. The mean post ripening
Bishop’s score in group II (primigravidae (7.5 ± 1.5), multigravidae (7.86 ± 1.39)) were
significantly higher than those in group I (primigravidae (6.01±0.4), multigravidae (6.07± 0.47)).
The mean ripening time (hrs) in group II (primigravidae (6.15± 2.1), multigravidae (4.03± 1.3))
were significantly shorter than those in group I (primigravidae (7.71± 1.02), multigravidae (6.4±
1.02)). The mean induction-delivery time (hrs) in group II (primigravidae (5.3± 2), multigravidae
(3.8± 1.4)) were significantly shorter than those in group I (primigravidae (7,7± 2.03),
multigravidae (5.92± 1.9)). The vast majority of women under study had vaginal delivery (80.7%
in group I and 96.8% in group II).
In conclusion, EAM was quick and effective method for ripening the cervix, it requires little
training for application so that it is a suitable method for patients who require rapid induction of
labour.

12- THE NUMBER OF FOLLICLES AND OVARIAN VOLUME IN THE ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE TO CLOMIPHENE CITRATE TREATMENT IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME

Haifa Al-Shaheen

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55136

Haifa Al-Shaheen
CABOG, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Basrah Maternity & Childhood Hospital
E-mail: hayfa_alshaheen@yahoo.com
Abstract
This prospected follow–up study was carried out over 12 months period (from 1st
September 2008 till 30th August 2009) in infertility clinic in Basrah maternity and child
hospital to evaluate whether certain criteria assessed during initial screening (number of
follicles and ovarian volume) could predict the response to ovulation induction with
clomiphene citrate (CC) medication.
Clinical, ultrasonographic and endocrine data were collected and analyzed on 58 women
with oligomenorrhoea or secondary amenorrhoea with PCOS and infertility before
initiation of CC medication. The ovarian morphology were determined by transvaginal
U/S which showed all women had altered ovarian morphology ( both ovaries had >10
multiple small cyst of 2-9 mm, mean total follicular number (11.0±2.5) and enlarged
ovaries, mean ovarian volume (13.2±4.01). Thirty eight patients (65%) ovulate, the
remaining 20 (35%) did not. Age, body mass index (BMI), ovarian volume, number of
small follicles, serum LH, testosterone and LH/FSH ratio in CC non responders were all
significantly higher than in CC responders (P< 0.05).
Data suggest that patients whose ovarian are less likely to respond to stimulation by CC
treatment, can be predicted on the basis of initial screening characteristics, such as:
BMI, history (oligomenorrhoea, or secondary amenorrhoea) and number of follicles and
mean ovarian volume.
These ultrasonographic features & laboratory assays could be clinically useful for
distinguishing better the CC no responders from responders.
These observations may add to ongoing discussion regarding etiological factors
involved in ovarian dysfunction in these patients and classification of anovulatory
infertile women.

13- IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF P53 PROTEIN IN COLORECTAL CARCINOMA AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CLINICOPATHOLOGIC FEATURES

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55137

Hassanain H Khudier* & Daria Ismail Ameen@
*MB,ChB, FIBMS Path., Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of
Sulaimania. @MB,ChB, Pathology lab., gynecological and obstetric Sulaimania
Teaching Hospital.
Correspondence to: Dr. Hassanain H. Khudair, Sulaimania teaching hospital, E-mail: hhk1970@gmail.com
Abstract
Colorectal cancer regarded as one of the most widespread malignant tumor in the world.
It is considered the second leading death factor among people in some developed
countries. Colorectal cancer comprises several distinct histological types including
adenocarcinoma which forms 85%-95% of all colorectal cancer cases. Pathogenesis of
colorectal cancer is a multistep process characterized by involvement of many genetic
alterations, including p53.
The aim of this study is to detect the expression of p53 protein in colorectal carcinoma
and to show its relationship with some clinicopathological features including age,
gender, histological types, histological grades and staging.
Forty paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of colectomy specimens were used in this
retrospective study. They were collected from the Department of Pathology in Sulaimania
Teaching Hospital, Shorsh Hospital and Shehid Saifeddin Private Clinic from January
2007 to July 2008.
Two sections of 4 micrometer thickness were taken from each paraffin embedded tissue
block. First section was taken for hematoxylin and eosin stain and the other one for
immunohistochemistry [anti-p53 monoclonal antibody] by using DakoCytomation
Envision + Dual Link System-HRP (DAB+). The relationship between p53 over expression
and the dependent variable (age, gender, histological types, histological grades, and
staging) were evaluated statistically using an analysis of variance (ANOVA) with STATA 8
soft ware (College station, Tx). A positive reaction for p53 was scored on a semiquantitative
base as score 0 (no staining), score 1+ (weak staining), score 2+ (moderate
staining), and score 3+ (strong staining).
Staining was negative for p53 (score 0) in 16 cases (40%). Positive cases were scored as
(1+) in 4 cases (10.0%); (2+) in 8 cases (20.0%); and (3+), in 12 cases (30.0%). There were
no significant relationships between p53 over expression and age (p=0.682), gender
(p=0.924), histological types (p=0.30), histological grades (p=0.516), and the stage of the
disease (p=0.281). Conclusions: Considering the p53 protein over expression in a
relatively high percentage of patients, it seems that p53 mutation may play an important
role in the development of colorectal carcinoma. There were no significant relationships
between p53 protein expression and some clinicopathologic variables such as age,
gender, histological types, histological grades, and the stage of the disease.

14- DIABETES MELLITUS IN PREGNANCY; MATERNAL & PRENATAL OUTCOME

Methal A AL-Rubaee; Rabia A Alkaban

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55138

Rabia A Alkaban* & Methal A AL-Rubaee@
*MB,ChB. @MB,ChB, DGO, CABOG, Department of Obstetric & Gynecology, Medical College,
University of Basrah
Abstract
This is a case-control comparative study carried out over the period (July 2007-July
2008) to identify the frequent type of D.M., analyze demographic features of diabetic
cases as well as to identify maternal, fetal & neonatal complications of D.M. during
pregnancy.
This study included 160 diabetic pregnant women as (cases) compared to 180 nondiabetic
pregnant women as (control) who were admitted to three known hospitals with
obstetrical & Gynecology department during same period of study. Such controls had
approximated age & parity to that of cases.
Type 2 DM was the commonest type among cases who tend to be more advanced in
their age with higher BMI compared to controls. Three major risk factors that predispose
to develop GDM were family history of type 2 or GDM, advanced maternal age & obesity.
Diabetic pregnancy was more likely complicated by abortions, hypertensive disorders,
polyhydramnious and preterm delivery with high C/S rate as well as P.P.H. & birth tract
injury in comparison to controls. Cephalo-pelvic disproportion consequent to
macrosomia was main indication for C/S in diabetic cases in whom not only macrosomic
newborns were more but also stillbirth rate was higher with lower Apgar score & more
admission to NICU.
Diabetic newborns were more likely to be affected by RDS, hypoglycemia & congenital
malformation.
In conclusion, D.M. is a major medical disorder that exhibit burden on health of both
mother & fetus with high maternal morbidity, prenatal & neonatal morbidity & mortality.

15- CARCINOMA OF THE URINARY BLADDER: AGE DIFFERENCES.

Abdulla Y Altimari

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55139

Abdulla Y Altimari
MB.ChB, FICMS, Urology specialist, Dept. of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Iraq.
Abstracts
Bladder carcinoma is one of the most common cancers of the genitourinary tract. It can affect
any age and it has been debated whether young patients have a better prognosis than their
counter part.
One hundred and six patients diagnosed as carcinoma of the bladder within two years period
were classified according to age to 3 groups, below 50, 50-65 and above 65 years old.
Comparison was made between the 3 groups in terms of the type, size, stage, grade, and the
type of treatments used.
The average age of the patients was 58 years. Female patients increased with advancing age.
89.5% of the tumors were transitional cell type and there were no differences between the three
groups regarding the histopathological type. There was highly significant differences between
the 3 groups regarding the stage, the grade and the size of the tumors with low stages and
grades and small tumors sizes detected in younger patients. The majority of younger patients
treated with transuretheral resections (TUR) plus intravesical therapy, while the majority of the
older patients treated with TUR plus radiotherapy.
Carcinoma of the bladder is not uncommon in young age group, and a higher percentage of
tumors affecting young age patients in comparison with other populations. Tumors affecting
younger age patients are of lower stage, grade and tumor size at time of presentation.

17- EVALUATION OF PERIPHERAL NERVE INJURIES AROUND ELBOW IN ASSOCIATION WITH FRACTURES

Ali Hamzaa; Alaa A Dawood

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55140

Alaa A Dawood# & Ali Hamzaa*
#MB,ChB, FICMS, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Lecturer, Dept. Of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of
Basrah. *MB,ChB, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Basrah General Hospital, Basrah, IRAQ.
Abstract
In this prospective study, 147 cases of trauma around elbow were examined and evaluated. All
were unilateral. Only 22 were associated with peripheral nerve injuries (14.9%). Males were 19
(86%) and females were 3 (14%). Their ages were between 5 and 54 years (mean 24 years).
The radial nerve was found to be most vulnerable to injury (40.9%) followed by ulnar nerve
(31.8%) and lastly the median nerve (9.1%).
The injurious agents in 2 patients were bullet and missile while in 20 were civilian causes.
In thirteen cases (59.1%) there were primary nerve palsy and in 9 (40.9%) there were
secondary nerve palsies.
The degree of nerve injury in 13 patients were neuropraxia (59.1%) with complete recovery, in
6 were neurotmesis (27.3%) and in 3 were axonotmesis (13.6%).
The full recovery of the nerve was in 13 patients (59.1%), 12 of them by spontaneous recovery
(54.5%) and one of them by surgical exploration and neurolysis (4.5%).Timing of nerve recovery
were variable, range from 1.5 to 8 months. There was no recovery in 9 patients (40.9%).
We concluded that when closed fractures are complicated by primary nerve deficits, waiting for
spontaneous re-innervation seems reasonable up to eight months and early surgical exploration
is better to be avoided, conversely if closed fracture complicated by secondary nerve palsy early
exploration of nerve is favored except in Tourniquet palsies.

16- EVALUATION OF USING TISSUE EXPANDER FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF POST BURN ALOPECIA OF SCALP

Suzan Fadil Jabber; Ari Raheem Qader

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55141

Ari Raheem Qader*& Suzan Fadil Jabber@
*Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimania.
@Diploma in plastic surgery, Department of Surgery, Sulaimania Plastic and Burn surgery Hospital.
*Email:drzangana@yahoo.com, Mobile no.-009647701526316
Abstract
Tissue expansion represents one of the major advances in surgery and is particularly
applicable to burn reconstruction. The technique provides tissue of similar texture and color to
the defect to be covered and has the added advantage of minimal donor site morbidity.
This study aimed to assess the results & complications in the correction of post burn scalp
alopecia using a tissue expansion, prevention of implant extrusion, lower the infection rate in
tissue expansion and expander selection.
Forty patients with scalp burn alopecia treated with tissue expansion of the scalp, were
included in this prospective study in Sulaimania hospital of burn and reconstructive surgery from
February 2002 to September 2009 with age groups ranging from (4-30) years with an average
of 15.5 years. Twenty three patients were females.
The time period between burn injury and reconstruction ranged between (4-25) years, their
scalp defects ranging between (5x10cm -13x25cm). We were able to completely reconstruct
77.5% of the total patients with single or multiple sessions of expansions. The remaining 22.5%
patients have benefited from reduction in the percentage of alopecia and recreation of anterior
hair line to camouflage their defects. Major complications occurred in 6 cases(15%), in which
the expansion process interrupted with removal of the expander.
In conclusion, It is not always possible to measure the absolute efficacy of a surgical technique
or determine a general guideline its indication of the tissue expansion procedure although
afflicted with a broad range of possible complications, the tissue expansion procedure remains a
valuable and reliable technique for the reconstruction of post burn alopecia of the scalp.

18- I read for you

Jasim M Salman; Salam N Asfar

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55142

I read for you
MANAGEMENT OF CRISES DURING ANESTHESIA AND
SURGERY. PART I: HYPOTENSION & HYPERTENSION
Salam N Asfar@ & Jasim M Salman#
@MB, ChB, MSc, Professor of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
#MB,ChB, DA, Consultant Anesthesiologist, AlSadir Teaching Hospital, Basrah

19-Case Report :BIG FOREARM BONE GAP, A REPORT OF TWO CASES

Mahmood H Kubba

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55143

Mahmood H Kubba
MB,ChB, Diploma Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Basrah General Hospital, Iraq.
Address of Correspondence: Mahmood.Hassan67@yahoo.com
Abstract
Two cases of large forearm bone gap about 7 and 13 centimeters respectively treated by auto–
nonvascularized fibular graft are presented. Both cases showed a good union and regain nearly
full function of the forearm at 3, 8 months respectively.

20- Case Report: TENSION PNEUMOTHORAX AS A RARE PRESENTATION OF PULMONARY HYDATID CYST: A REPORT OF TWO CASES FROM IRAQ

Jaffar Shehatha; Abdulsalam Y Taha

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55144

Abdulsalam Y Taha* & Jaffar Shehatha@
*MB,ChB, FICMS, Professor and Head of Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of
Medicine, University of Sulaimania, Iraq. @ MB,ChB, FICMS, FRCS, FRACS, Senior Lecturer,
University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
Correspondence to: DR. ABDULSALAM Y TAHA, E MAIL: Salamyt_1963@Hotmail.Com

21- SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA AND PNEUMOMEDIASTINUM DUE TO FOREIGN BODY ASPIRATION:A REPORT OF 3 CASES

Abdulsalam Y Taha

Basrah Journal of Surgery, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 135-140
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55145

Abdulsalam Y Taha
MB,ChB, FICMS, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Sulaimania, Iraq.
Correspondence to: Abdulsalam Y Taha, Professor and Head of Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Sulaimania.
E mail: salamyt_1963@hotmail.com