Salam N Asfar@ & Jasim M Salman#
@MB, ChB, MSc, Professor of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, University of Basrah, and Al-Sadir Teaching Hospital, Basrah. #MB,ChB, DA, FICMS, Lecturer & Consultant Anesthesiologist, Basrah University and Al-Sadir Teaching Hospital, Basrah, IRAQ.

ardiac arrest can be defined as inability of heart action to maintain adequate cerebral circulation. Arrest in association with anaesthesia accounts for millions of cases around the world1-2. Cardiac arrest attributable to anaesthesia occurred at the rate of between 0.5 and 1 case per 10 000 cases overall and at the rate of 1.4 per 10 000 cases for the paediatric series; 55% of these were in children less than 1 year of age. The overall rate of cardiac arrest is up to 10 times higher than this, with uncontrolled bleeding, technical surgical problems, extensive co-morbidity, and advanced age3,4.