Histopathological reports of 1011 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck diagnosed in the pathology department in Basrah Saddam Teaching Hospital and in Al-Wiswasy Private Laboratory in the period 1984-2000 and in two periods 1984-1990 and 1991-2000 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were classified according to their age, sex and primary tumour localization. There were 763(75.5%) male and 248(24.5%) females with a male to female ratio of 3:1. The three commonest primary tumour localization were the larynx 560 cases (55.4%), the oral cavity 305 cases (30.2%) and the nasopharynx 90 cases (8.9%). The peak age incidence for all primary tumour localization was observed in the 6th decade. Among all primary tumour localization male predominance was found. The total numbers of the cancer cases in the 2nd period were more than the 1st period with arises of 50%