Print ISSN: 1683-3589

Online ISSN: 2409-501X

Keywords : Abdomen


THE ACCURACY OF ABDOMINAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS

Ali Hameed Kadhem; Shaymaa Yaqoop Khalid; Wisam Hamza Al-Sewadi

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 61-64
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2020.165486

Acute appendicitis is the most common causes of abdominal emergencies that necessitate surgical intervention. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.
 This prospective study was performed in Alsadr Teaching Hospital from November 2015 to January 2017 involving 131 patients.
 The results showed that 84.7% of the patients who presented with positive features of acute appendicitis were confirmed by ultrasonographic study, while 15.2% of the patients showed negative ultrasound examination confirmation.
 In conclusion, ultrasound study is effective in the assessment of patients presented with clinical features of acute appendicitis.
 

ACUTE APPENDICITIS AND ASSOCIATED PATHOLOGIES IN FEMALES

Ali Hameed Kadhem; Aamena AbdulAmeer Muhsin; Wisam Hamza Al-Sewadi

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 69-73
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2020.165491

In females with right lower quadrant acute abdominal pain, gynecological & obstetric pathologies are the main disorders that should be eliminated from the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. This study included pathologic findings in 120 appendectomies in Al-Sadr Teaching Hospital in which exploration was performed as emergency acute appendectomies in 52 cases, while other pathologic processes related to gynecological diseases are distanced from appendicitis intraoperatively.
 There is a high percentage of coexistence with ovarian cyst in all its types whether twisted, ruptured, hemorrhagic or corpus luteal cyst. Other conditions included: ectopic pregnancy, uterine fibroid, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Tubo-Ovarian Abscess (TOA), benign cyst adenoma & endometriosis. Also rarely, meckel's diverticulum that was either incidental finding or discovered by imaging techniques.