Print ISSN: 1683-3589

Online ISSN: 2409-501X

Keywords : Ethics


Thamer A Hamdan

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 1-2
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2020.165457


thics is defined as moral principles that govern a person's behavior, the conductivity of an activity, or the branch of knowledge that deals with honest attitude.
 Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
 Ethics was found in Hammurabi code law (Babylon 1754 B.C.), then followed by    Hippocratic Oath, prayer of Moses maimonides, declaration of Helsinki, code of ethics of the American Medical Association, and all Holy Books which insist on ethical points.
 Ethics in general is governed by four principles which are; respect for autonomy, beneficence, non maleficence, and justice. To the above, I added; respect for the dignity of the patient.
 Ethics start from humanitarian handling of the patient in the first visit with a big smile and soft welcoming words, a lot of respect, careful listening and understanding followed by very gentle physical examination.