Print ISSN: 1683-3589

Online ISSN: 2409-501X

Keywords : basrah


Risk factors among patients with ovarian cancer attending oncology hematology center in Basrah city

Rasha Ahmed

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2022, Volume 28, Issue 1, Pages 18-24
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2022.132631.1017

Worldwide, approximately 225,500 ovarian cancers are diagnosed annually . The leading cause of gynecological cancer death (140,200 worldwide annually) is the ovarian cancer, which accounts for more deaths than all the other gynecological cancers combined. The ovarian cancer is the fourteenth commonest cancer among population in Basrah city in Iraq.
Methods This is a case control study carried out in the Basrah oncology –hematology
center and primary health care centers in Basrah city . The study include 103 cases of ovarian cancer and 206 control.
Result we found that more than half of case of ovarian cancer aged 50 years and above. History of insulin treatment is a risk factor for ovarian cancer (OR more than one) with significant statistical association. Hysterectomy and tubal ligation are protective against ovarian cancer .
Conclusion There are many risk factors of ovarian cancer some of these are modifiable while the others are not modifiable. Hysterectomy and tubal ligation considered as protective factors.

BREAST CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN BASRAH, IRAQ: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY IN BIRAD 1 & 2 SCREENED CASES

Mazin H Al-Hawwaz; Hayder Hashim Abdulsamad; Rajaa Ahmed Mahmoud

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2021, Volume 27, Issue 1, Pages 51-58
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2021.168438

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women around the age of menopause. With an advice from WHO, screening programs are encouraged globally for detection of the breast cancer in early stage using mammography imaging technique that is used to understand the breast health and early detection of breast lumps.The study aimed to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of breast cancer screened cases among women aged above 35 years in Basrah with studying the time trend of registered breast cancer cases in Basrah from 2014 to 2020. In addition, it also aimed to detect malignant cases among Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) 1 & 2 breast cancer screened cases. This is a database descriptive study using mammography medical records of women attended to Basrah Cancer screening Center in Basrah Teaching Hospital. A total of 448 female patients who had histopathological result indicating breast cancer and were classified according to mammogram (BI-RADS) grading methodology in the period 2014-2020. The study found that above 55 years of age multipara women were the highest group affected by breast cancer. Most importantly, malignancy was detected in 20% of breast cancer cases that were categorized as BIRAD 1 & 2.In conclusion, women with BIRAD 1 & 2 should be included in active follow-up examinations to detect any little risk that the lesions are malignant.Key words: Breast Cancer, Basrah, BIRAD, mammography screen

HYPOCALCEMIA FOLLOWING THYROIDECTOMY; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY IN BASRAH, IRAQ

Rabee Hammed Qasim; Haider Kadhem Saeed; Ahmed M Al-Abbasi; Mohammed Mosa Mohammed

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2020, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 46-50
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2020.165483

This study aimed to find out the frequency of hypocalcemia in different thyroid procedures and the risk factors for its development.
 One hundred thirty six patients underwent different thyroid surgeries for different thyroid diseases in the Surgical and Otolaryngology Departments of Basrah Teaching Hospital for three years from July 2016 to July 2019.
 Patients mean age was 34.8±7.5 years (range: 18-65 years). Male to Female ratio was 2:5. Of the total 136 patients, 35 patients underwent isthmusectomy and lobectomy, no case of hypocalcemia was reported (0%). Out of 71 patients who underwent sub-total thyroidectomy, three of them developed hypocalcemia (4.2 %). Out of 30 patients who underwent near-total or total thyroidectomy, nine of them developed hypocalcemia (30%). Whether the inferior thyroid artery was ligated or not, there was no significant difference in the development of hypocalcemia. Of the total 136 patients, 129 patients had benign pathology, 9 of them developed hypocalcemia (6.9 %); 7 patients had malignant pathology; 3 of them developed hypocalcemia (42.8%).
 In conclusion, the frequency of hypocalcemia is correlated with the extent of thyroid resection; and it is more in malignant lesions but in most of the patients it was transient.

5- PATTERN OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN BASRAH; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

Zaki Al-Faddagh; Adel Salih Mushari

Basrah Journal of Surgery, 2011, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 0-0
DOI: 10.33762/bsurg.2011.55108

PATTERN OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION IN
BASRAH; A PROSPECTIVE STUDY
Adel Salih Mushari@
& Zaki Al-Faddagh#
@MB,ChB, FICMS, AlQurna Hospital. # MB,ChB, CABS, Professor, Department of Surgery, Basrah
College of Medicine, Basrah University.
Abstract
Intestinal obstruction remains one of the commonest surgical emergencies, with hernias being
electively repaired; adhesive obstruction has emerged as the leading cause of intestinal
obstruction in the west, while the obstructed hernia remaining the main cause in developing
countries.
This is a prospective study involving 464 patients admitted with intestinal obstruction to the
surgical unit in AL-Mawane general hospital, Al-Sadir teaching hospital, Al-Basrah maternity and
child hospital and Al-Basrah general hospital during the period between (January 2004-
December 2007).
All patients were admitted and thorough careful history, particularly history of previous surgery
and examination were done involved the hernial orifice. Type of treatment, time surgical
intervention, operative finding and period of hospital stay were noted.
Most of our patients were attended for postoperative followed up for complications and recording
the mortality in the hospital.
The study included 464 patients, their age ranged from 2 days to 75 years. (Mean 33.8years),
and they are more frequent in female 258 patients (55.7%) than male206 patients (44.3%).
Acute onset of presentation was found in 296 patients (63.7%). Constipation in 419 patients
(90%) and abdominal pain in 380 patients (82%) were the main presenting symptoms. Previous
admissions for same complain were reported by 64 patients (13.7%). History of previous
surgery were reported by 71 patients (15.4%), and time interval from previous surgery, varies
from one month to (5) years. Simple obstruction was the most common form of intestinal
obstruction (67.7%). Of all patients included in the study, 288 patients (62%) present with small
bowel obstruction and 176 patients (38%) with large bowel obstruction. The commonest cause
of intestinal obstruction was strangulated external hernia in 99 patients (21.3%), intestinal
adhesions in 73 patients (15.7%). The hernia (29.2%) together with adhesions from previous
surgery (25.4%) constitute the bulk of causes of small bowel obstruction , while volvulus of
sigmoid colon (23.6%)and tumours (22.7%) form the main cause of large bowel obstruction.
Intussusception was the most prevalent variety of intestinal obstruction in child age group
(27.2%), followed by hirschsprungs disease (22.2%). Of strangulated hernia, inguinal hernia
was the most frequent type of hernia seen (71.7%). Surgical intervention was necessary in 409
patients (88.2 %).The period of conservative treatment ranges from 3-14 days, with average
(6.3) days. Post operative complication occurred in 167 patients (40.8%). The mortality was 6.8
% and it was related to extreme of life, delay in presentation and mismanagements.
The study concluded that simple intestinal obstruction is the commonest type of obstruction,
higher rate of strangulated hernia than the rate of obstruction due to adhesions, which is
opposite to a typical pattern of developed countries. Intussusception is the most frequents
cause of intestinal obstruction in children, early presentation and diagnosis is the key to
reducing morbidity and mortality.