Keywords : Quadricepsplasty
Basrah Journal of Surgery,
2019, Volume 25, Issue 2, Pages 3-12
The lack of knee flexion is an increasingly recognized complication especially after trauma. This is a significant challenge for both surgeon and patients. In 1956, Judet proposed a quadricepsplasty technique that allow a graded release without the disruption of the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, or rectus femoris.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the beneficial outcome of the Judet quadricepsplasty in improving the range of movement of knee joint in those patients complaining from post-traumatic stiffness.
This research was done for evaluating the clinical outcome of 15 patients who underwent a Judet's quadricepsplasty, they were 12 men and 3 women. The definitive flexion gain was classified according to Judet's criteria; excellent, if flexion was greater than 100°; good, from 80° to 99°, fair result are from 50° to 79°; and poor flexion degree is less than 50°. Patients were operated upon after an average of 19.40±17.63 months (range, 6-72 months) after first initial surgery. Average follow-up period was 6.5±3.6 months (range, 3-15 months). According to Judet criteria, 7 patients (47%) achieved excellent, 5 patients (33%) good, 2 patients (13%) fair, with zero poor results. Final average flexion arc improvement was 97.67±18.6 degrees with a range of 60-120 degrees. The noticed complications included; one case of extension lag excluded from the study and one case of small area of skin necrosis.
In conclusion, even though it was proposed in 1956, the Judet procedure seems to give a reproducible amount of good results today and still holds its leading role in the treatment of extra-articular knee stiffness.
Key words: Quadricepsplasty, Post-traumatic, Stiff joint, Knee joint, Judet procedure, Surgery